United Kingdom

Cartes-de-Visite, studio T.Jones in Ludlow

Alfred Adrian Jones, Veterinary Surgeon, in the RHA and in the 3rd Hussars

These photos presented quite a riddle for a while, that young gentleman wearing the uniforms of both Royal Horse Artillery and Hussars, with however some puzzling elements, such as the white pouch belts.
The mystery started to unveil when I was taught by a knowledgable visitor, that he likely belonged to the Veterinary Department.
The pouch belt shown on the photo to the right appears to be sporting  the encrowned starplate of the Veterinary Service, displaying a Centaur.

Veterinary Officers wore the uniforms of their regiments until 1881, when the Army Veterinary Department was created. 

In the Hussar regiments, Veterinary officers would however not wear the Busby, but a cocked hat, and the absence of cap lines is hence very natural.

On the photograph to the left, he is sporting the uniform of the RHA, but with the distinguishing features of a Veterinary Surgeon :
- A Busby with a Red Feather (instead of white) ; the cap lines would be black.
- The white pouch belt. 

I then proceeded to research the Army lists and Gazettes, to get some sort of understanding of the career of Veterinary Officers.

The postings to the Royal Horse Artillery was a senior posting in the Regiment of Artillery - it does not seem that it was the case for Veterinary Officers, and many young "Acting Veterinary Surgeons" were indeed posted to the RHA.
Artillery was definitely the most consuming service in terms of Veterinary Surgeons ; 
Here's for instance the aggregated 1870 Army list : 

Total Veterinary Surgeons :
Royal Artillery
Line Cavalry (Lancers, Dragoons, Hussars)
Heavy Cavalry (Life Guards and Dragoon Guards)
Army Service Corps
Royal Engineers


(+7 Acting Veterinary Surgeons)
(out of which 22 posted to the RHA)
Transfer from one branch of the service to another were commonplace.
Then some research of the career of the officers was to be held along the following lines :

- Officer posted successiveley to the Royal Horse Artillery, and a Hussar Regiment (within a reasonnable timeframe)
- The sabretache is of a regular pattern, and cannot belong to any of the 7th, 8th, 10th, 11th, 13th or 15th Hussars.
- The sitter wears in both case the marks of rank of a Lieutenant ; he is therefore in both cases a Veterinary Surgeon.
(Vets-Surg. 1st Class ranking as Captains or Majors)
- The photos are 1860-1870s

Not so many officers fitted the bill, and a bit of luck allowed to identify the sitter as Alfred Adrian Jones, a gentleman who led a quite interesting life. Here is his obituary, published in The Times on January 25th, 1938.


Captain Adrian Jones, the sculptor, died in London yesterday at the age of 92. He had been ill for several weeks with influenza and bronchitis.
His professionnal career might be summed up by saying that he designed and executed the biggest piece of sculpture in London, the Peace Quadriga on Decimus Burton's Arch, Constitution Hill, and that he lived longer than any other sculptor of modern times. His own ideals in sculpture are expressed in an article, "A Testament of Beauty", which he contributed to The Times of April 10, 1935, on his ninetieth birthday, when he received the gold medal of the Royal Society of British Sculptors. Speaking of the principles he used in the execution of his work he said :
The principles first of all say that nothing human or animal of God's creation should be in any way distorted or made a laughing stock of. Therefore the thing was to do an effigy in a simple pose which would carry with it the appearance of the object, orsome other characteristics. I don't want people to think (he added) that I suggest a facsimile of any object that they are producing will represent the object they are seeking. All live things look bigger than dead ones. Secondly, a facsimile work of the model will never fill the eye or the sense of proportion. It has to be increased in different places without disturbing the anatomy to produce the effect of reality.
It will be seen that between "distorting" and "increasing" there is room for many differences of opinion, and the plain truth is that between them lies the art, as distinct from the craft, of sculpture. In that art Jones was never very much at home, and his best works were in the nature of facsimiles of the model, slightly amplified. When, as in the Cavalry Memorial at Stanhope Geta, he allowed his imagination to suggest "some other characteristics", the result is not so happy.
Jones will be remembered chiefly for two things : his profound knowledge of equine anatomy as affecting form in movement, and power of modelling the same, and his extraordinary command of the mechanical and technical side of his art. A point that is often forgotten is that even a bad piece of large-scale sculpture needs a great deal of knowledge and skill, not to speak of physical strength, to produce, and the Quadriga, though it is rather ragged in silhouette, is far from being a bad piece of sculpture. It owned its origin to a suggestion of King Edward VII as Prince of Wales, and those who had an opportunity to see the castings as Messrs. Burton's before they were assembled must always retain a respectful opinion of the capacities required for such a piece of work.
Jones was born at Ludlow, Shropshire, on February 9, 1845, being the fourth son of James Brookholding Jones, and educated at Ludlow Gramar School. taking up the veterinary profession, he served for 23 years in the Army- in the 3rd Hussars, Queen's Bays, and 2nd Life Guards- and saw active service in Abyssinia (medal), Boer War, 1881, and Nile Expedition (medal and clasp and Khedive's Star). On the advice of artistic friends he turned to painting and sculpture, studying under G.B.Birch, A.R.A. For a good many years he exhibited regularly at the Royal Academy, the Grosvernor Gallery, the Royal Institute, and the Paris Salon. Apart from the Quadriga and the Cavalry Memorial, he was responsible for the Royal Marines' Monument, St. James's Park ; the Carabineers' Memorial, Adelaide; and among his other more important works were "Duncan's Horses"- his first success, exhibited in the Royal Academy of 1892, and one of the few things to escape the fire at the Crystal Palace ; the equestrian statue of the Duke of Cambridge, Whitehall ; "Persimmori" at Sandringham ; and General Sir Redvers Buller, V.C., at Exeter. His portrait of Lord Kitchener is at Ipswich, and he also painted an equestrian portrait of Sir David Campbell, Governor of Malta, on his Grand National winner, The Soarer and several works in pure landscape. He was made M.V.O. in 1907.
In 1934 Jones was given the diploma of honoray associate of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, and he was also an honorary member of the Incorporated Association of Architects and Surveyors. Of military and, in later life, rather rugged appearance, Jones was universally popular, not to say beloved, in art circles in Chelsea,where he lived. He was twice married : in 1870 to Miss E.E. Beckingham, and in 1891 to Miss Emma Wedlake, and had one son. In 1933 Jones published his reminiscences, which gave an interesting account of his military experiences - in the Abyssinian War in particular, where he was one of the first to enter the hut where King Theodore had shot himself with a revolver given to him by Queen Victoria- and of his methodes of work, but devoted far too much space to refuting a stupid accusation that he was not the author of one of his works'. Similar accusations are not uncommon in the history of sculpture- Rodin, for example, was accused of exhibiting a cast from the living model-and nobody familiar with sculptural methods, and the necessary delegation of labour in the execution of large works, would think them worth more than a flat denial.
The funeral service will be at Chelsea Old Church on Friday at 11.30. The cremation will be at Golders Green.

Adrian Jones had been gazetted a Veterinary Surgeon in the Regiment of Royal Artillery on January 11th, 1867.

On June 29th, 1869, the London Gazette published :
3rd Hussars, Veterinary-Surgeon Alfred Adrian Jones, from the Royal Artillery, to be Veterinary-Surgeon, vice Charles Felix Phillips, deceased.
He resigned his Commission a year later, as told by the London Gazette on August 26, 1870 (he will re-enter the service, his new appointment bearing the date of June 10th, 1871).

It is to be noted that the Abyssinian Campaign Medal was only instituted on March 1st, 1869, and effectively distributed in the end of 1869 and early 1870.

Many thanks to Dave Knight for his help

To the 3rd Hussars page

To the RHA page