Hussar in Canada


Hussar in Canada

The 13th hussars left for Canada in 1866 ; the Times of September 13th 1866 relates :
"The Cunard steamers Tarifa and Europa, which have been completely overhauled and refitted for the reception of the 13th Hussars, left the Mersey yesterday at 2 p.m. for Quebec.
The Tarifa has on board 13 officers, 182 men, and 172 horses. The officers are Lieut.-Col. Jenyns, C.B. ; Capts. Clarke, Innes, and Hill ; Lieuts Ford, Clay, and Webb ; Cornets Hamilton, Pole, and Ellis ; Lieut. and Adjt. Joyce, Surg. Armsrong, and Vet.-Surg. Varley. The Europa conveys 13 officers, 144 men, and 131 horses. The officers are Major Maclean ; Capts. Atkinson, Huddleston, and Miles ; Lieuts. Starkey, Higgins, and Horne ; Cornets Bieber and Moore ; Paymaster Frith, Riding-master Hubbard, Quartermaster Cresdee, and Assist.-Surg. Milburn. To-day, at 9a.m., the Allan steamer will go alongside the great landing-stage and take on board nine officers and 153 dismounted men of the same regiment, and detachments for other corps, to the number of about 240, and sail about noon. These vessels also take out several hundred tons of military stores.

They will reach Quebec on September 26th, "all well, the Europa having lost two and the Tarifa 16 horses on the voyage". 

The Regiment had been sent to Canada following the unrest due to the Fenian activists (mostly demobilized soldiers of Irish extract, fighting the British presence in Canada), trouble that led the Governor general to request Regular Cavalry troops - the lack of which had been exposed in the previous operations.
The 13th Hussars will be mainly quartered in Toronto (Fort York).
During their tour, they will open a School of Cavalry there, that will train local Cavalry Troops.
This will create a lasting heritage, as Canadian Cavalry regiments will adopt a uniform after that of the Regiment, a tunic of Hussar pattern with white facings (though most will sport pith helmets).

The 13th Hussars will sail back to England in August 1869 ; The Times relates, on August 14th : "Yesterday the troopship Simoom arrived in the Mersey from Quebec, and landed the 13th Hussars, consisting of 19 officers, 7 officers' wives, and 10 officers' children, 403 men, 71 women, and 103 children. In the course of the day the troops left for York, and the Simoom at once proceeded to take on board the 15th Hussars, from York, and will take them round to Portsmouth, en route for Chichester, whence they will shortly leave for India."

Cased tintypes were quite popular in the late 1860s in North America. They indeed offer a depth of view that's sometimes stunning.
The images were often, as is the case here, cased like Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes had been.
It is to be noted that the photographic process produces a reverted image, as can be seen from the position of the buttonholes.

It cannot be discounted that this image would depict a private from one of the Canadian Cavalry Regiments, who as said earlier adopted the uniform of the13th Hussars.
It is not however very  likely, as this cased picture really is in the style of the mid-1860s.

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